Will there ever be joy again?

Hate, hate, hate.

I saw a post this morning on FB about a Muslim woman expressing her fear about going out in public.  I cannot imagine how fearful the Muslim community is right now. I am embarrassed, angry and saddened by the responses of my “fellow” Americans to her fears.

“Go back to where you came from.”

“Don’t wear that shit.”

“Leave.”

These were just a few of the comments. Really? Such hate towards someone they do not know but clearly feel so superior to. It nagged at me all day. Why did it bother me? I’m getting used to seeing hate all the time. Will there ever be joy again?

I wanted to tell them that if their parents raised them to hate people that are different then they did a fine job raising a racist. But if their parents raised them to help their neighbor no matter what they look like then their parents would be ashamed of the display of hatred showered on this frightened woman. What would your parents say abouth this?  Is this how you are raising your children? I know that good people voted for Trump, but how do you explain or justify his hatred and racism? And not just to yourself but to your children? They see the hate. Do you tell them you voted for the hater? I know Hillary was bad too. She called Trump supporters “deplorables”. I thought, what? Why would she call Trump supporters names? Very, very stupid. Trump insulted and called many people names but somehow it was OK. It was OK that he insulted Gold Star parents about their religion and mocked a handicapped reporter. But ‘deplorables’ is what is remembered. Really? Of course Trump didn’t call you a name. If you are a woman, he most certainly disrespected you. But maybe you accept that behavior from men.

Getting back to my thoughts about the Muslim woman. The “haters” knew nothing of this woman. She could have been born and raised in the States and happens to be Muslim. She’s American and has the same rights as the “haters”. But because she wears a hijab she doesn’t belong. I pray they do not consider themselves Christians but I suspect that they do. Let’s assume the woman is a Muslim from Turkey and is here for a visit. She is someone’s mother. When she returns from her trip from this wonderfully inclusive country and tells her sons how she was disrespected, touched, tormented, etc. Her sons are going to have a filthy opinion of the country that disrepected their mother. They, in turn, will disrespect, touch, torment, etc. your christian mother or sister when they are in Turkey. Now you may say, “my family would never go to Turkey or any other predominately Muslim country”. Which is probably true. I have a niece, nephew and great-niece in Turkey. I fear how the sons of this scared Muslim woman will treat them. Will they perpetuate the hate of the Americans? I suspect so. My family and any other family overseas will be at greater risk of harm due to the racism in America.

 

 

Women March….differently.

After the march I watched the 10 o’clock news and felt very proud that I marched that day with the rest of the world. I am afraid of the the new administration and their intentions. I have WWP. I am blessed financially and have a good job. I DO CARE about others rights and injustice. I care about civil liberties, equality for all, right to choose, healthcare for all, separation of church and state, etc. I cannot help who I am but I try to be better, to treat people fairly. I want to make a difference. I call my representatives nearly everyday with a concern about our country. I do not know many WOC. I live in a white world and that is who I know.
 
Getting back to the news that night, after the Women March there was a story about a very different march in north city. These were WOC marching against the violence in their neighborhood. The neighborhood of the 15 year old girl that was murdered by two assailants with semi-automatics in front of her house. I felt uncomfortable (and maybe even ashamed) that the big march overshadowed the real struggle we have here in our own city. As I watched the news, I made a promise to myself to figure out what I can really do here on the grounds of St. Louis to make the community safer, stronger and unified. God has blessed me and I need to multiply and share those gifts. I’m ready to start.

White privilege…an education?

Apparently I need to read more about this…I know I have white privilege but I’m not a racist, am I?  In preparing for the March a women criticize the FB cover for the march for not having more women of color (WOC). I defended the women who designed the page as they are doing a good job (volunteer job) trying to inform and make it a cohesive march. The woman criticizing appreared to be white married to a black man (I stalked her on FB). I thought she was being overly sensitive. Her complaint was to include more women of color so the racial divide would better represent the number of blacks that voted Hillary and opposed Trump. I didn’t see why she was so angry about it. It could have been better but there is so much to take into consideration when planning this event.  I thought she was making a big deal out of it. She even posted a white women priviledge (WWP) bingo and said she was able to cover six squares in our encounter. I was kind of pissed and ended the exchange with “You win”.  She probably got another square covered.  I thought I am a good person and I am fighting against most of the same things she is why is she giving me so much shit?  This exchange never really left my head. It has been like a worm. What am I missing? Most people (that really know me) know that I am very empathetic. Drives my husband crazy…”Why can’t you just agree with me?”  Well I may agree with him but I like to think and discuss an alternate view……the WWP worm has been burrowing.  Today I saw this post and felt I should save it so I can go back and educate myself. I cannot change who I am and I have WWP but how can I use it in a positive way without drawing criticism?

This is from a post I saw today:

Disclaimer: this is long! You won’t read it in a day, but if you commit to reading consistently, you will make your way through it!

On Wednesday, November 9, many of us woke up shocked. Many young people felt robbed of what little idealism about this country they had left. Many older white folks felt confused, or like the country they had lived in their whole lives was maybe not what they thought it was. Others clung to their belief that America is still a fundamentally good country, slowly but surely moving in the right direction. They said: “Not all Donald Trump’s supporters believe in his racist rhetoric. We need to humanize the angry white working class.” And this, perhaps, isn’t wrong. Perhaps they were just fed up with the status quo. But you cannot selectively support a platform like this. Donald Trump’s election is a countrywide stamp of approval for his platform of hate and fear.

Now is the time to affirm our support for those whose lives are in danger. Bigots are not in fear for their lives because they are bigots. People of color are. A “difference of opinion” is how you like your coffee, or debates over trade and economic policy. Opinions that dehumanize others, that incite violence against them, cannot be treated as merely “opinions.” They must be called what they are: bigotry.

Others have looked for solace by saying to themselves and those around them: “We will be fine.” And, for the most part, well-off, older white folks will be fine. But that doesn’t mean many, many Americans will be. Many already aren’t. Hate crimes are on the rise. Newt Gingrich has expressed his intent to create another House Un-American Activities Committee. Many undocumented immigrants fear deportation. Muslim women and other women of color fear leaving their homes. Marginalized communities fear there will be even less accountability for police brutality, for racist abuse at the hands of private and public institutions and individuals.

We need to be thinking about how we are thinking about this election. This sense of comfort, of insulation from the horrors of America, is precisely what this syllabus is meant to disrupt. We, white people, clearly weren’t listening hard enough to people of color, to women, to queer people, to immigrants, to Muslims, to anyone who holds a marginalized identity. This did not come as a shock to many marginalized people. Instead, as a friend of mine put it: “I am hurt but my hurt comes mainly from having my fears proven. Not from surprise. I am so angry because there are so many people who needed this result to prove to them the divide of this country instead of listening to the voices of their token friends. Instead of hearing. Instead of trusting.” Now is the time to hear. Now is the time to educate and propel that education into action.

Note: Many of these sources are not from traditional news media outlets. This is intentional, as those outlets often times only feature the most heard voices and partially got us into this mess in the first place. In an effort to unlearn systemic racism and understand how we ourselves are complicit, we have chosen a variety of forms of content on top of traditional news articles, including blog posts, scholarly articles, fiction books, movies. We have organized the material thematically and chronologically, so if you are overwhelmed with the length of the document, pick a couple from each section and then move on. I ask you to read through this syllabus with an open mind and heart. If you have any thoughts on additional materials or just in general, please use the comment feature! Thanks.

How can we make sense of this election and move forward accordingly?

We can start by facing the fact that the United States has always been and is still currently a white supremacist state. For many of people in color, this election wasn’t a surprise–it was a confirmation of their fears.

Debunking the Progress Narrative” (The Atlantic)

America will never be ‘Post Racial’” (The Atlantic)

The Case for Reparations” (The Atlantic)

History white people need to learn” (Salon)

How the Government Betrayed a Landmark Civil Rights Law” (Pro Publica)

The Uses of Anger: Women Responding to Racism” (Audre Lorde)

How exactly do white supremacy and systemic racism operate? How have we been complicit in reproducing racist ideology?

White Privilege” (Peggy MacIntosh)

The White Racial Frame” (Joe Feigen, an abridged version of his book of the same title)

Intentions Don’t Really Matter” (Everyday Feminism)

The Privilege of Politeness” (Naamen Gobert Tilahun)

Objectivity Can Be Oppressive” (Everyday Feminism)

Enough with the White Male Rage Narrative” (The Guardian)

Here Are 4 Ways to Navigate Whiteness and Feminism – Without Being a White Feminist “ (Everyday Feminism)

A history of #BlackLivesMatter

A Herstory of the Black Lives Matter movement (Feminist Wire)

5 Ways of Understanding Black Lives Matter (YouTube)

From #BlackLivesMatter to Black Liberation (Keeanga-Yamahtta Taylor)

Black Lives Matter founders describe paradigm shift in the movement  (NPR)

Black Lives Matter syllabus

How did white liberal culture, as well as systemic racism and

white supremacy, directly contribute to Donald Trump’s election?

Donald Trump and the Central Park Five: the racially charged rise of a demagogue” (The Guardian)

Donald Trump is moving to the White House, and liberals put him there” (The Guardian)

5 reasons Trump will win” (Michael Moore)

The GOP’s Attack on Voting Rights Was the Most Under-Covered Story of 2016” (The Nation)

Republicans and the White Working Class” (Mother Jones)

Democrats, Trump, and the Ongoing, Dangerous Refusal to Learn the Lesson of Brexit (The Intercept)

The Smug Style in American Liberalism” (Vox)

2 charts explaining how racism elected Trump (Vox)

The real reason we have an Electoral College: to protect slave states (Vox)

Reality of life under Trump

Day 1 in Trump’s America (Medium)
Trump’s First 100 Days in Office (NPR)

Trump’s Plan for a Muslim Registry (NYT)

Repression of freedom of speech under Trump (Pen America)

Potential Nuclear Consequences of a Trump Presidency (The Nation)

Why we’re afraid

LGBT rights under attack by a Trump presidency (Slate)

Increase in gun violence under Trump (The Guardian)

Steve Bannon is the most dangerous man in American politics in a very, very long time (New Yorker)

Autocracy: Rules for Survival (New York Review of Books)

Action

A list of pro-women, pro-immigrant, pro-earth, anti-bigot organizations to donate to

How to be an anti-racist ally

Shaun King’s 25 part plan to reducing police brutality in America

Bystander’s guide to standing up to harassment

“Anti-Muslim hate will increase. Here is how to not be a bystander.”

How to Financially Protest DT

How to Protest Islamophobia

What can Democrats do, if anything, stop DT’s disastrous climate plans?

Black Lives Matter Platform

The safety pin: a simple but effective show of solidarity (but if you’re going to wear the safety pin, actually be willing to stand up!)

The DJT Resistance

Stop Steve Bannon, white supremacist, from getting anywhere close to the White House

Volunteer for the ACLU

Call your representatives and demand they stand up to DT!

Resources for non-Black Asians on Anti-Blackness

Longer form:

Non-fiction books

The New Jim Crow (Michelle Alexander)
Hillbilly Elegy (JD Vance)
A People’s History of the United States (Howard Zinn)
Racism Without Racists (Eduardo Bonilla-Silva)
Dog Whistle Politics (Ian Haney-Lopez)
At the Dark End of the Street: Black Women, Rape, and Resistance (Danielle McGuire)
Punished (Victor Rios)
When Affirmative Action Was White (Ira Katznelson)
What’s the Matter with Kansas: How Conservatives Won the Heart of America (Thomas Frank)

Haymarket Book’s reading list (includes books on Islamophobia and American empire, which are topics not adequately represented above)

Memoir/Essay

The Souls of Black Folk (W. E. B. Du Bois)
The Fire Next Time (James Baldwin)
The Fire this Time (Jesmyn Ward)
Invisible Man Got the Whole World Watching (Mychal Denzel Smith)
Citizen (Claudia Rankine)

Movies

13th (available on Netflix)
Requiem for the American Dream (available on Netflix)

Fiction books

Beloved (Toni Morrison)
The Bluest Eye (Toni Morrison)
How To Slowly Kill Yourself and Others in America (Kiese Laymon)
Octavia’s Brood (Walidah Imarisha)
Kindred (Octavia Butler)

Nonnie Crawford
January 14 at 5:28am
White women! Do any of the following apply to you?
-You want to start bridging the divide?
-You don’t understand why some women are so angry?
-You have said the words “I want/need to do better”?
-You don’t understand why “women’s issues” don’t apply to us all equally?
-You think “unity” is the absolute most important thing?
-You believe dissension will be our undoing?
-You don’t understand the difference between equality and equity, or know which one we should be fighting for?

Here is some required reading. I would like to start taking the steps to hopefully have something good come out of this whole thing. The march is a couple hours tops. Where do we go after that? What do you want to accomplish going forward? What are your blind spots, and what do you need help in? What are your strengths, and what can you offer? What areas of understanding are you lacking in? How are you using/do you plan on using your privilege to help others? These are some questions you should all be thinking about. Mull them over. Really let them sit for awhile. Let them ruminate as you read a few of these.

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1By9bUjJ78snEeZuLXNGBdlVMJgEQWMEjR-Gfx8ER7Iw/mobilebasic#heading=h.bi12zdslqy3z

Oh shoot…posted this on FB

I believe in Jesus Christ and I attempt to live my life according to his word. I find it very interesting how others who also try to live His word interpret His word.
 
A Catholic woman came out of church one Sunday and commented on a Clinton bumper sticker on a car in the parking lot of church. She proclaimed how un-Christian they are because Clinton supports the legality of abortion. When I heard this story I just shook my head; I wanted to scream. Her righteousness!
 
I thought about Trumps character and the hate and his active marginalization of Jesus’s people. No they may not be Catholic, no they may not be Christian but neither was Jesus. “What so ever you do to the lest of my brethren that you do unto me.” What type of Christian are you? Even more important is “What kind of person are you?” In this country you have the right to believe or not believe. You do NOT have the right to impose your beliefs on others. Ecclesiastes 3:17 “God will bring into judgment both the righteous and the wicked, for there will be a time for every activity, a time to judge every deed.”
 
What about rolling up your sleeves and helping the periphery, the marginalized, the people of Jesus rather than judging decisions of people to which you have no knowledge of their circumstances?
 
So just think about WWJD?

Suck it up, Buttercup….

That’s it! The recycling bin is in the middle of the driveway. Now I have to get out and move it. What a day!

My feelings were hurt today by thoughtlessness. So I carried that pain with me.

I went to pick up an on-line purchase from Sears and they said I didn’t pay for it on-line even though all the paperwork said I did. Now I have to wait a few days to get credit because I told them I didn’t want it bad enough to give them my business and I wasn’t paying for it again.

Now the recycling bin! What a day! Seems like a lot of bad shit happened today. The Sears thing really pissed me off!  I was carrying the pained feelings and it made it worse. Then when I got home and saw the recycling bin; by then I was carrying the pain and the anger. And that was it!

As I was moving the recycling bin back around the house I thought, what the hell am I so pissy for? Big deal! Someone hurt my feelings. They didn’t mean it. Suck it up, Buttercup!  I’ll get the Sears thing taken care of. And the Lord knows I could use the exercise moving the bins.

I let it go and then felt guilty that I let everything get to me at all. I caught it and processed it and now it is all gone. All good!

Try to let your pain and anger go…..you will feel much better and life will seem sweeter.

PJ day

WOW!

I’m not use to going non-stop so intensely for such a long amount of time. I am glad to have a PJ day. I love PJ days. I can putter and do as little or as much as I can or want. Decompress from the emotions and activities of the past week. I miss my husband very much. I wish we were doing PJ day together. Mother-daughter time has been great. Love that girl! “Be true to yourself.” She is so herself. She is tender-hearted, oblivious, passionate and factual. She brings her filter to every occasion and manages to use it nearly all the time. Which you know is pretty incredible considering I am her mother. Ha! Ha! Ha!

I’ll finish this later…I’m doing some things.

I am so blessed to have the most incredible family!

The Swamp

Require Senate confirmation

State

Rex W. Tillerson

Energy

Rick Perry

Labor

Andrew F. Puzder

Small Business

Linda McMahon

E.P.A.

Scott Pruitt

Homeland Security

John F. Kelly

Defense

James N. Mattis

Treasury

Steven Mnuchin

Transportation

Elaine L. Chao

H.H.S.

Tom Price

Commerce

Wilbur Ross

Education

Betsy DeVos

U.N.

Nikki R. Haley

HUD

Ben Carson

C.I.A.

Mike Pompeo

Attorney General

Jeff Sessions

D.N.I.

Interior

Agriculture

V.A.

U.S. Trade Rep.

Do not require Senate confirmation

White House Counsel

Donald F. McGahn II

Appointed

Nat. Sec. Adviser

Michael T. Flynn

Appointed

Chief of Staff

Reince Priebus

Appointed

Chief Strategist

Stephen K. Bannon

Appointed

Secretary of State

Requires Senate confirmation

Whether Mr. Trump picks an ideologue or a seasoned foreign policy hand from past Republican administrations, his challenge will be that the State Department is the centerpiece of the post-1945 experiment of alliance-building and globalism, which Mr. Trump said he would dismantle.

Rex W. Tillerson Mr. Trump’s choice is the president and chief executive of Exxon Mobil, whose ties with Russian President Vladimir V. Putin may draw scrutiny during the confirmation process.

Energy Secretary

Requires Senate confirmation

Despite its name, the primary purview of the Energy Department is to protect and manage the nation’s arsenal of nuclear weapons.

Rick Perry Mr. Trump has selected the former Texas governor, who in 2011 proposed scrapping the Energy Department while he was seeking the Republican nomination for president.

Labor Secretary

Requires Senate confirmation

The Labor Department enforces rules that protect the nation’s workers, distributes benefits to the unemployed and publishes economic data like the monthly jobs report. The new secretary will be in charge of keeping Mr. Trump’s promise to dismantle many Obama-era rules covering the vast work force of federal contractors.

Andrew F. Puzder Mr. Trump’s expected choice is the chief executive of CKE Restaurants — and a donor to his campaign — who has criticized the Obama administration’s labor policies.

Small Business Administration

Requires Senate confirmation

The agency guarantees loans for small businesses, helps them get government contracts and supports their interests on Capitol Hill.

Linda McMahon Mr. Trump has selected the former chief executive of World Wrestling Entertainment to lead the agency. Ms. McMahon, a failed Senate candidate from Connecticut, was with her husband, Vince, one of Mr. Trump’s biggest donors.

E.P.A. Administrator

Requires Senate confirmation

The Environmental Protection Agency, which issues and oversees environmental regulations, is under threat from the president-elect, who has vowed to dismantle the agency “in almost every form.”

Scott Pruitt Mr. Trump has selected the Oklahoma attorney general, who is a close ally of the fossil fuel industry.

Homeland Security Secretary

Requires Senate confirmation

The hodgepodge agency, formed after the attacks of Sept. 11, 2001, has one key role in the Trump administration: guarding the United States’ borders. If Mr. Trump makes good on his promises of widespread deportations and building a wall, this secretary will have to carry them out.

John F. Kelly Mr. Trump has named the retired four-star Marine general, whose son was killed in combat in Afghanistan.

Defense Secretary

Requires Senate confirmation

The incoming secretary will shape the fight against the Islamic State while overseeing a military that is struggling to put in place two Obama-era initiatives: integrating women into combat roles and allowing transgender people to serve openly. Both could be rolled back.

James N. Mattis Mr. Trump announced at a rallythat he had selected General Mattis, who led a Marine division to Baghdad during the 2003 invasion of Iraq and led the United States Central Command from 2010-13. General Mattis, now retired, has been a critic of the Obama administration. He would need a waiver from Congress to lead the Pentagon because he has been out of uniform for less than seven years.

Treasury Secretary

Requires Senate confirmation

The secretary will be responsible for government borrowing in financial markets, assisting in any rewrite of the tax code and overseeing the Internal Revenue Service. The Treasury Department also carries out or lifts financial sanctions against foreign enemies — which are crucial to President Obama’s Iran deal and rapprochement with Cuba.

Steven Mnuchin Mr. Trump has selected Mr. Mnuchin, who served as his campaign finance chairman. Mr. Mnuchin, a former Goldman Sachs executive, has deep roots in Hollywood but no government experience.

Transportation Secretary

Requires Senate confirmation

The next transportation secretary will oversee Mr. Trump’s campaign pledge to increase infrastructure funding to rebuild America’s roads, bridges, airports and transit systems.

Elaine L. Chao Mr. Trump has selected Ms. Chao, the labor secretary under President George W. Bush. Ms. Chao, who is married to the Senate majority leader, Mitch McConnell, has been a fixture of the Republican establishment in Washington.

Health and Human Services Secretary

Requires Senate confirmation

The secretary will help Mr. Trump achieve one of his central campaign promises: to repeal and replace the Affordable Care Act. The department approves new drugs, regulates the food supply, operates biomedical research, and runs Medicare and Medicaid, which insure more than 100 million people.

Tom Price Mr. Trump has selected Mr. Price, a six-term Republican congressman from Georgia and orthopedic surgeon who has led opposition to the Affordable Care Act. Mr. Price has said the law interferes with the ability of patients and doctors to make medical decisions.

White House Counsel

Appointed

As the president’s adviser on legal matters, the White House counsel may have an unusually daunting job in the Trump administration, given Mr. Trump’s far-reaching business empire and potential conflicts of interest.

Donald F. McGahn II Mr. Trump has chosen Mr. McGahn, who served as general counsel for the Trump campaign. Mr. McGahn, a Washington lawyer who pushed to deregulate campaign finance and election laws, served on the Federal Election Commission for five years.

Commerce Secretary

Requires Senate confirmation

The Commerce Department has been a perennial target for budget cuts, but the secretary oversees a diverse portfolio, including the census, the Bureau of Economic Analysis and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.

Wilbur Ross Mr. Trump has selected Mr. Ross, an investor whose fortune is estimated by Forbes to be $2.9 billion. Mr. Ross has said the United States must free itself from the “bondage” of “bad trade agreements,” and has advocated threats to impose steep tariffs on China.

Education Secretary

Requires Senate confirmation

Mr. Trump has said he wants to drastically shrink the Education Department and shift responsibilities for curriculum research, development and educational aid to state and local governments.

Betsy DeVos Mr. Trump has selected Ms. DeVos, a former chairwoman of the Michigan Republican Party and an education activist who is a passionate believer in school choice, as his nominee.

U.N. Ambassador

Requires Senate confirmation

Second to the secretary of state, the United States ambassador to the United Nations will be the primary face of America to the world, representing the country’s interests at the Security Council on a host of issues, from Middle East peace to nuclear proliferation.

Nikki R. Haley Mr. Trump has selected Ms. Haley, the governor of South Carolina, as his nominee. The daughter of immigrants from India, she was a prominent and frequent critic of Mr. Trump early in his run.

Secretary of Housing and Urban Development

Requires Senate confirmation

The secretary oversees fair-housing laws, the development of affordable housing and access to mortgage insurance. As a real estate developer, Mr. Trump is attuned to the tax breaks for housing development.

Ben Carson Mr. Trump has selected the former neurosurgeon and presidential candidate to be his nominee to lead HUD. Mr. Carson had previously said he did not want to work in government.

C.I.A. Director

Requires Senate confirmation

Mr. Trump takes over at a time of diverse and complex threats to American security. The new C.I.A. director will have to decide whether to undo a C.I.A. “modernization” plan put in place this year by Director John O. Brennan, and how to proceed if the president-elect orders a resumption of harsh interrogation tactics — critics have described the tactics as torture — for terrorism suspects.

Mike Pompeo Mr. Trump has selected Mr. Pompeo, representative of Kansas and a former Army officer, as his nominee. Mr. Pompeo is a member of the House Intelligence Committee and was a sharp critic of Hillary Clinton during the congressional investigation into the 2012 attack on the American diplomatic compound in Benghazi, Libya.

Attorney General

Requires Senate confirmation

The nation’s top law enforcement official will have the authority for carrying out Mr. Trump’s “law and order” platform. The nominee can change how civil rights laws are enforced.

Jeff Sessions Mr. Trump has selected Senator Sessions, of Alabama, as his nominee. Mr. Sessions is a strong proponent of strict immigration enforcement, reduced spending and tough-on-crime measures. His nomination for a federal judgeship in 1986 was rejected because of racially charged comments and actions, which are very likely to become an issue as he faces another set of Senate confirmation hearings.

National Security Adviser

Appointed

The national security adviser, although not a member of the cabinet, is a critical gatekeeper for policy proposals from the State Department, the Pentagon and other agencies, a function that takes on more importance given Mr. Trump’s lack of experience in elective office.

Michael T. Flynn Mr. Trump has selected the retired Army lieutenant general and former director of the Defense Intelligence Agency. General Flynn has been outspoken about his view of the threat posed by Islamist militancy and was an ardent supporter of Mr. Trump during the campaign.

White House Chief of Staff

Appointed

The chief of staff manages the work and personnel of the West Wing, steering the president’s agenda and tending to important relationships. The role will take on outsize importance in a White House run by Mr. Trump, who has no experience in policy making and little in the way of connections to critical players in Washington.

Reince Priebus Mr. Trump announced on Nov. 13that he had chosen Mr. Priebus, the chairman of the Republican National Committee.

Chief Strategist

Appointed

Stephen K. Bannon was also considered for chief of staff, but Mr. Trump instead named him chief strategist and senior counselor in the White House, saying that he and Mr. Priebus would be “working as equal partners” in the administration.

Stephen K. Bannon Also on Nov. 13, Mr. Trump announced the appointment of Mr. Bannon, a right-wing media executive and the chairman of the president-elect’s campaign. Many have denounced the move, warning that Mr. Bannon represents racist views.

Director of National Intelligence

Requires Senate confirmation

The person who holds this post is the president’s principal adviser on intelligence and oversees the entire military and civilian intelligence apparatus. The coordination between the intelligence agencies of the military and civilian wings will be vital for the war on the Islamic State.

David H. Petraeus Former four-star Army general and director of the Central Intelligence Agency

Michael S. Rogers Navy admiral and director of the National Security Agency. Choosing Mr. Rogers may be complicated because the Obama administration is considering removing him after frustrations over the speed at which he moved to combat the Islamic State.

Frances Townsend Homeland security adviser under George W. Bush

Interior Secretary

Requires Senate confirmation

The Interior Department manages the nation’s public lands and waters. The next secretary will decide the fate of Obama-era rules that stop public land development; curb the exploration of oil, coal and gas; and promote wind and solar power on public lands.

Jan Brewer Former governor of Arizona

Mary Fallin Governor of Oklahoma

Robert E. Grady Gryphon Investors partner

Harold G. Hamm Chief executive of Continental Resources, an oil and gas company

Forrest Lucas President of Lucas Oil Products, which manufactures automotive lubricants, additives and greases

Cathy McMorris Rodgers Representative from Washington

Sarah Palin Former governor of Alaska and the 2008 Republican vice-presidential nominee

Agriculture Secretary

Requires Senate confirmation

The agriculture secretary oversees America’s farming industry, inspects food quality and provides income-based food assistance. The department also helps develop international markets for American products, giving the next secretary partial responsibility to carry out Mr. Trump’s positions on trade.

Sam Brownback Kansas governor

Chuck Conner Chief executive officer of the National Council of Farmer Cooperatives

Heidi Heitkamp Democratic Senator from North Dakota

Sid Miller Commissioner of agriculture for Texas

Kristi Noem Representative from South Dakota

Sonny Perdue Former governor of Georgia

Secretary of Veterans Affairs

Requires Senate confirmation

The secretary will face the task of improving the image of a department Mr. Trump has widely criticized. Mr. Trump repeatedly argued that the Obama administration neglected the country’s veterans, and he said that improving their care was one of his top priorities.

Scott Brown Former senator from Massachusetts

Jeff Miller Retired representative from Florida who was chairman of the House Veterans Affairs Committee

Sarah Palin Former governor of Alaska and vice-presidential nominee

U.S. Trade Representative

Requires Senate confirmation

The president’s chief trade negotiator will have the odd role of opposing new trade deals, trying to rewrite old ones and bolstering the enforcement of what Mr. Trump sees as unfair trade, especially with China.

Dan DiMicco Former chief executive of the Nucor Corporation, a steel production company, and a critic of Chinese trade practices